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When access to finance and vocational training are pathways for the integration of refugees.



           

The Syrian crisis is entering its eighth year. The exodus of 5.2 million Syrian refugees raises the question of their integration in the host countries. FEMISE, in its latest FEM43-14 study, analyses the phenomenon of integration and inclusion of these refugees by examining two distinct cases: Italy and Jordan. Among the avenues suggested by economists to promote their integration in the host country, are access to finance and vocational training. Version française



When access to finance and vocational training are pathways for the integration of refugees.

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Like most countries in the Middle East, the share of migrants has increased significantly in Jordan. ©F. Dubessy
Like most countries in the Middle East, the share of migrants has increased significantly in Jordan. ©F. Dubessy
Assuming that "the increasing suffering and marginalization of refugees further inhibit their potential and ability to become an active part of the hosting society" Femise, in its latest FEM43-14 report, states that "..a vision of the migratory process as an investment in human capital. That could in turn generate opportunities for employment, productive exploitation and renewal of the resources. Institutions have a role to play in facilitating the integration of refugees into the host country. » 

Entitled "Refugees and hosting country economy: integration models and cooperation policy options", the Femise paper analyses the phenomenon of integration of refugees in Jordan by examining Italy's experience in integrating its migrants with a particular focus on the financial integration system.
Like most countries in the Middle East, the share of migrants has increased significantly in Jordan. The 655,000 Syrians make up nearly half of all foreigners in the country and more than 13 percent of the population. In Italy, a country marked by the coming to power of Mateo Salvini and the 5-star movement, refugees face difficulties in accessing housing, the predominance of the informal economy, and a tight labor market.

​Fostering entrepreneurship

Entitled "Refugees and hosting country economy: integration models and cooperation policy options", the Femise paper analyses the phenomenon of integration of refugees in Jordan by examining Italy's experience in integrating its migrants with a particular focus on the financial integration system. ©F. Dubessy
Entitled "Refugees and hosting country economy: integration models and cooperation policy options", the Femise paper analyses the phenomenon of integration of refugees in Jordan by examining Italy's experience in integrating its migrants with a particular focus on the financial integration system. ©F. Dubessy
According to the study, more than 46% of refugees in Jordan work in the agriculture, forest products and fisheries sector. While most of them work in the informal sector (for fear of losing their financial support), the number of work permits granted to refugees in 2016 represented more than 12% of the work permits issued that year. A rate that demonstrates how Jordan as a host country, promotes the integration of refugees.

For Femise researchers, financial inclusion plays a central role in economic integration of refugees. These refugees do not have the support of their families and must rely on their ability to access credit in their host countries that will enable them to embark on entrepreneurship activities. Public policies could support microfinance as part of joint action with the private sector. The report cites the example of specialization in ethnic affairs, such as food, clothing and others, responding to the specific needs of the national community. Versatility is a determining factor.
"Other opportunities are to be seized in sectors left vacant by local entrepreneurs,"says the study, which invites host countries to promote women's entrepreneurship.

Focusing on human capital also means knowing how to detect skills, especially among young refugees, with a focus on vocational training. The study led by Marco Zupi and Alberto Mazzali of CesPi, Italy in collaboration with Hanan Malkawi and researchers from the Royal Scientific Society (RSS) of Jordan, advocates institutionalizing access to services for the entire population while integrating of course the refugees.

Access the FEMISE report by clicking here
 


Nathalie Bureau du Colombier, MARSEILLE


Friday, March 1st 2019



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