Econostrum | Economic News in the Mediterranean

Tunisia's new constitution comes into force

Written by Frédéric Dubessy on Thursday, August 18th 2022 à 09:55 | Read 488 times

Tunisia's new constitution comes into force
TUNISIA. The Independent Higher Instance for Elections (ISIE) announced, on Tuesday 16 August 2022, the final results of the referendum of 25 July 2022 approving, by a large majority of 94.6%, the text of the new Tunisian constitution. The participation rate was 30.5%. The total number of voters, in Tunisia and abroad, was 2.83 million.

These figures therefore show no change from the preliminary results delivered on 26 July 2020, although a correction was made to those reported the previous day, on the evening of the vote.

All appeals filed with the administrative court were rejected. They were three in number and presented by the parties Afek Tounes (the only one to have appealed the decision of the first instance) and Echaâb Yourid, as well as the Tunisian organisation I Watch.

Farouk Bouasker, president of the ISIE, sees this as confirmation of the "integrity and transparency" of his institution. While regretting that his institution has "suffered an unprecedented wave of accusations from certain political parties and civil society organisations."

Confirmation of the presidentialization of the regime

"The Constitution comes into force from the announcement of the final results, its promulgation by the president and its publication in the official gazette," said Farouk Bouasker.

The text remains highly controversial and establishes a presidential regime that has existed since Kaïs Saïed took full powers a year ago, on 25 July 2021. No procedure for the impeachment of the President of the Republic is provided for and the Head of State will appoint the ministers, starting with the first one, without the need for a vote of confidence in Parliament. He also has the right to dismiss their portfolios.

The main novelty of this fundamental law, which replaces the 2014 constitution born after the revolution, is the creation of a second chamber, the National Assembly of Regions and Districts, whose members will be appointed by the regional councils (indirect suffrage). It will counterbalance the Assembly of People's Representatives (ARP), elected by universal suffrage. Two-thirds of the votes of the members of the two chambers of parliament combined will be needed to pass a motion of censure against the government.

It also sets the new voting system for the next legislative elections to be held on 17 December 2022.

Read also: UGTT and UTICA sign a "social contract" with the Tunisian government

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