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The Mediterranean particularly sensitive to climate risks


Written by Gérard Tur on Tuesday, February 8th 2022 à 17:40 | Read 419 times


Mediterranean local authorities are preparing to face disasters linked to global warming.


Mediterranean forests burned particularly badly this summer. (photo: GT.)
Mediterranean forests burned particularly badly this summer. (photo: GT.)
MEDITERRANEAN. On the occasion of the Mediterranean World Forum, the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region and the Directorate for External Action of Local Authorities of the Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs brought together on Monday 7 February in Marseille heads of local authorities, experts and members of the Mediterranean Youth Council. The aim was to present the public measures implemented by the territorial authorities to preserve the natural heritage and to commit to sustainable development.
 
"This summer, 500,000 hectares of forest burned around the Mediterranean basin,
" emphasised Renaud Muselier, President of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region. "This is one of the effects of climate change. In order to deal with the disasters that are coming, we, as local leaders, have no choice but to work together. We also need to direct our budgets in this direction. We are already doing this in the Southern Region with the Climate Plan, which foresees that 40% of all our investments will be devoted to sustainable development measures." Egypt is experiencing more and more violent storms, floods, storms and record heat, according to Mohamed Al-Sharif. The governor of Alexandria unfolded a whole catalogue of measures taken by his government. Yet Egypt remains the country that dumps the most plastic (74,000 tonnes per year) into the Mediterranean, according to the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).  
The same alarming observation applies to the Occitania region. "By 2050, 25% of our coastline will be submerged. We are already suffering the effects of global warming with an increase in the mortality of shellfish in our lagoons and a 50% decrease in the size of sardines. We are taking action, for example by financing the electrification of the quays of the port of Sète, or by structuring a hydrogen industry.

Coping with the situation

With more than twenty million visitors in 2019, for just over seven million inhabitants, Catalonia is overwhelmed by mass tourism, which generates activity, but also a lot of environmental pollution. The Generalitat is trying to spread out the season and convince its visitors to discover the hinterland. But ecotourism only reaches a minority.
 
For the deputy mayor of Nice, Agnès Rampal, no one "doubts global warming anymore". In the Mediterranean more than anywhere else, because temperatures are rising 20% faster than the global average. "We are experiencing violent floods, more often and with greater intensity than in the past. The sea level will rise by fifty centimetres to one metre. This will cause colossal flooding in large cities, usually by the sea. Entire areas like the Camargue will disappear. This is a certainty and we must face up to it. In response to this challenge, the Nice Côte d'Azur metropolis has created an environmental health security and risk management agency. At the other end of the Western Mediterranean, the Region of Tangier-Tetouan-al Hoceima has set up a regional plan to improve flood risk management."



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