Econostrum | Economic News in the Mediterranean

Stéphane Pouffary: "we must create the conditions to implement transition at the local level."

Written by Interview by Frédéric Dubessy on Wednesday, May 23rd 2018 à 14:49 | Read 499 times

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Founder and Executive Director of the association ENERGIES 2050, Stéphane Pouffary presented on May 15, 2018 in Marseille the report "The challenges of climate change in the Mediterranean" published for the 2018 edition in partnership with the Euro-Mediterranean Forum of Economic Institutes (Femise) and Institut de la Méditerranée (IM). He advocates for a multi-stakeholder approach and positive complicities between States and non-States stakeholders to better address the global transition and more particularly the energy transition.

Stéphane Pouffary publish the third version of his report "The challenges of climate change in the Mediterranean" (photo : F.Dubessy)
Stéphane Pouffary publish the third version of his report "The challenges of climate change in the Mediterranean" (photo : F.Dubessy) ENERGIES 2050 publish with Femise and IM a report on "the challenges of climate change in the Mediterranean", what were your expectations?
Stéphane Pouffary: There is a multitude of reports, often very sectoral, without a transversal vision of the challenges of climate change and the fight against this phenomenon in the Euro-Mediterranean area. This 2018 edition of this report aims to identify both vulnerabilities and opportunities for action.
As we all know, the Mediterranean is considered a hot-spot regarding climate perturbations. This means that, compared to the effects observed in other regions, there will be an increased vulnerability for, among others, coastal space, biodiversity, water resources and, of course, urban areas. That being said, our panoramic vision shows that it is not a fatality and that we can act.
What are the lessons of this report?
S.P. : We must be able to collectively monitor implementation of policies and to drive greater ambition and complementarities in policies, at the level of States, regions, cities and even non-state actors. It is no longer possible to have a sectoral approach that is disconnected from other issues.
If I am, for example, in Morocco or in Egypt, and if I do not anticipate the repercussions of an urban planning which do not favor the use of soft or collective low carbon transport, I create an energy burden for the country and lock-in effects for fifty to seventy years.

The executive director of Energies 2050 refuse to see local constraint as a plea for individual interest (photo : F.Dubessy)
The executive director of Energies 2050 refuse to see local constraint as a plea for individual interest (photo : F.Dubessy)

To set up the right partition on the right territory

Are the rulers with whom you work at different levels aware of all this?
S.P. : Frankly yes! Except that I feel a misunderstanding, a fear and even a somewhat schizophrenic attitude in the decisions even if this is true also everywhere. This is a real concern, because clearly no one can anymore say « I did not know ».
We are not saying that the transition will come from the outside, but we are stating that we need to create the conditions to implement and accommodate at the local level climate and energy transitions. Our activities are to show that it is possible to find the appropriate economic mechanisms, as well as organizational and technical knowledge appropriate in a specific context.
The multi-actor approach is needed on these issues?
S.P. : ENERGIES 2050 works with States, to support them in the framework of the Paris agreement, their search for climate finance, their 2030 agenda ..., with regions, universities, researchers, companies, associations and of course citizens. So we are at the heart of a big multi-dimensional puzzle. The multi-actor approach is in fact in our DNA. But, how to make this approach even more legitimate? There is a question of trust. It is necessary that we all stop focusing on a fragmented and owner approach. We must accept to look at the constraints of others and, integrating their constraint, let them integrate ours. This constraint cannot and should not be a plea for individual interest. This is really the message of ENERGIES 2050.
We believe very much in what we call positive complicities. It is not a naïve or utopian vision. If I have a common goal and if it is real one, beyond an individual interest, we have a common denominator to start acting. Whenever this preamble has been respected in the past, we have had successes, transitions and changes. Having said that, I cannot say that we have changed the world, it would be stupid and false. But, we can measure the induced changes, register them in the long term and testify that it is possible.
Our ability is to set up the right partition on the right territory. For everything to move on the right path, there is a need for appeasement and coalition that require an effort that we cannot bear alone, hence our multi-stakeholder partnerships with renowned organisations such as Institut de la Méditerranée, Femise and others. This remains the entry point of this transition, on which we are fully committed because we know that we have the means to put in place sustainable actions.
The report «The challenges of climate change in the Mediterranean» is available on the ENERGIES2050 website:
And on the FEMISE website:


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