Econostrum | Economic News in the Mediterranean

Mediterranean region ready for COP22 in Marrakesh

Written by Christiane Navas, NICE on Wednesday, November 9th 2016 à 14:59 | Read 1213 times


The 22nd session of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, COP22, taking place in Marrakesh from 7th to 18th November, 2016, will be an opportunity for the Mediterranean region to make its voice heard

COP22 starts in Marrakesh (photo F.Dubessy)
COP22 starts in Marrakesh (photo F.Dubessy)
MEDITERRANEAN. COP22 should give concrete form to the undertakings given by states at COP21 in Paris to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees. Drawing up an action plan is becoming an urgent necessity, with 2016 set to be the warmest year since temperature records began. "Holding COP22 in Morocco will allow us to draw attention to the critical situation in the Mediterranean with regard to climate change, take stock of the programmes that are ongoing and set up new partnerships to move forward," points out Plan Bleu director Anne-France Didier.

The Mediterranean is known as a climate change hot spot. According to the IPCC, this part of the planet could see temperature increases of 2° to 3°C by 2050 and even 3° to 5° by the year 2100. By the end of this century, sea levels could rise between 40 and 50 cm, with a sharp decrease in rainfall. With water stress caused by pollution and excessive water consumption, brought about by the urbanization of coastal areas, agriculture and an increase in tourism (the region currently attracts one third of the world's tourists), countries bordering the Mediterranean could see this situation worsen. Desertification and a loss of biodiversity, already underway, and extreme weather events  are set to become more widespread and frequent; hence the need to think ahead and take action. 

Making adapting to climate change a priority in the Mediterranean

The Plan Bleu, working under the Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP/UNEP) umbrella, is organizing several key events during the COP22 meeting to promote the initiatives taken by its Mediterranean partners to address climate change. Among these is the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD) 2016/2025, adopted as part of the Barcelona Convention, the 40th anniversary of which is being celebrated this year. But also protocols covering issues such as the global management of coastal areas, which came into force in 2011, the first document to be legally-binding for the nine Mediterranean countries and the European Union, who have already ratified it. Among other stipulations, the protocol calls upon the signatory states to maintain green belt areas along the coastal fringe.

The Plan Bleu is co-organizing and taking part in several gatherings, such as the climate change trophy awards ceremony, hosted by the French environment and energy management agency ADEME, and the conference on the different energy scenarios in the Mediterranean, in partnership with the WEO, the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and Energy 2050.

In partnership with le Plan Bleu

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