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Libya's head of the National Accord government to step down



           


Fayez el-Sarraj will step down at the end of October 2020 (photo: DR).
Fayez el-Sarraj will step down at the end of October 2020 (photo: DR).
LIBYA. Only a few days after the announcement of the resignation of Abdallah el-Thani, prime minister of the parallel government installed in Benghazi, in the east of the country, it is the head of the Government of National Accord (GNA) who steps down. Fayez el-Sarraj is expected to step down at the end of October 2020.

The former did not resist pressure from demonstrators complaining of corruption and deteriorating living conditions. The protesters even set fire to the building housing the seat of this government, under the supervision of the Tobruk parliament.
The second, in a speech given on Libyan national television on the evening of Wednesday, September 16, 2020, said he tried to reach "as much consensus as possible" before noting "but the difficulties were insurmountable". The head of the government even made an accusation: "some parties are stubbornly betting on the military solution to serve their objectives".

Recognized by the international community after the Skhirat agreements signed in Morocco at the end of 2015, Fayez el-Sarraj was only able to establish his government in Tripoli in March 2016. After having had to deal with the various militias present, he found himself, from April 2019, with his main enemy, Marshal Khalifa Haftar and his self-proclaimed Libyan National Army (ANL) supported by the institutions of the East (but also Russia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates), at the gates of his capital. With military assistance from Turkey and support from Qatar, the GNA forces succeeded in pushing him back.

A new Presidential Council in the line of fire

The fact remains that these two withdrawals open the way for the arrival of a new executive resulting from the inter-Libyan talks. They give hope that finally, nine years after the revolution and the assassination of Muammar Khadafi, the country is no longer politically divided.

A ceasefire obtained at the end of August 2020, allowed the adversaries to begin a dialogue under the aegis of a negotiation commission. First in Bouznika in Morocco (6 to 10 September 2020) but also in parallel in Montreux in Switzerland (7 to 9 September 2020). With these two resignations, the road is all mapped out towards a political solution to the Libyan crisis and removes the obstacle to the constitution of a new Presidential Council. This executive will appoint a head of government accepted by all.
Already, the discussions have led to a "global agreement on criteria, transparent mechanisms and objectives" to occupy key positions in public institutions", said both parties on Thursday, September 10, 2020. The next round will take place at the end of September 2020.

Legislative elections and a presidential election could be held by March 2021, as Fayez el-Sarraj hoped for at the end of August 2020 when the cease-fire was announced.


Frédéric Dubessy


Thursday, September 17th 2020



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