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Eight candidates confirmed to host the headquarters of the African Medicines Agency


Written by Frédéric Dubessy on Thursday, June 2nd 2022 à 19:30 | Read 319 times



Four Mediterranean and four sub-Saharan countries are candidates to host the permanent headquarters of the African Medicines Agency (photo: AMA)
Four Mediterranean and four sub-Saharan countries are candidates to host the permanent headquarters of the African Medicines Agency (photo: AMA)
AFRICA. Eight countries have been officially confirmed as candidates to host the permanent headquarters of the African Medicines Agency (AMA). Half of them are Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco), the others sub-Saharan (Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zimbabwe).

This coordinating body, established in February 2019 by the signing of a treaty at the 32nd Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU), which came into force in November 2021, brings together some 30 countries. Its model is based on that of the European Medicines Agency (EMA). It will be the second agency in this sector on the continent with the African Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Africa) created in 2015 by the AU with the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO).

A visit by independent African experts mandated by the African Union Commission was carried out in each of the candidate countries. The team was able to evaluate and score the proposals of the applicant countries. The team is preparing a comprehensive report that will include a ranking of the applicants according to the degree of compliance with the pre-established criteria for hosting the headquarters of the African Medicines Agency.

In a second phase, the first Conference of States Parties to the WADA Treaty and then the AU Executive Council, at two meetings scheduled for June and July 2022 respectively, will use the document produced by the experts to designate the WADA host country. The decision will be taken either by consensus or, failing that, by a vote.

The African continent imports 99% of its vaccines

WADA aims to pool the resources and expertise of its members, regulate pharmaceuticals and stimulate African integration to produce medicines that meet the needs of African populations. Its ambition is to provide a concrete response to the problems in this field.

Today, the African continent imports 99% of its vaccines and 80% of its medicines. It represents less than 3% of the world pharmaceutical market with only 375 drug manufacturers listed, mainly in South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt. These four countries alone account for 70% of the continent's production.

In April 2022, a study by Goldstein Market Intelligence estimated the value of the African pharmaceutical industry at $28.56bn (€26.38bn) in 2017. Its analysis predicted a market of between $56bn and $70bn (€51.7bn and €64.5bn) by 2030.

Read also: The three Maghreb countries are candidates to host the headquarters of the African Medicines Agency



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