Econostrum | Economic News in the Mediterranean

Albania becomes a member of the UN Security Council

Written by Frédéric Dubessy on Monday, January 3rd 2022 à 15:05 | Read 289 times

The UN Security Council has fifteen members, including five permanent ones (photo: UN)
The UN Security Council has fifteen members, including five permanent ones (photo: UN)
ALBANIA. Since Saturday 1 January 2022, Albania has joined - for the first time in its history and in the company of Brazil, the United Arab Emirates, Gabon and Ghana - the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member. These countries have a two-year term and succeed Tunisia, Estonia, Niger, St Vincent and the Grenadines and Vietnam.

Based in New York and in permanent session, the UN Security Council has five permanent members and ten non-permanent members elected for a two-year term. This body is competent to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or an act of aggression. It invites the parties to a dispute to settle the dispute by peaceful means and recommends the methods of adjustment and the terms of settlement that it considers appropriate. In some cases, it may impose sanctions or even authorise the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

The presidency of the Security Council (which rotates every month) has been held since 1 January 2022 by Norway, which has taken over from Niger.

Good news for Morocco

This entry of Albania was welcomed by several countries and particularly by the Moroccan press which is pleased with the arrival of a country that has spoken out for the territorial integrity of Morocco. Especially since Tunisia, which had abstained during the vote on UN resolution 2602 at the end of October 2021 to renew the mandate, now annual, of the Minurso (United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara), is leaving. The Tunisian president, Kaïs Saïed, had tried to defuse the consequences of this decision for relations between the two countries, arguing that "Tunisia holds to its distinguished historical and fraternal relations with all the Maghreb countries, and adheres to the principle of positive neutrality in its management of Western Sahara." With Albania, Morocco gains an ally on this issue.

Tirana has in fact broken off relations with the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), which claims Western Sahara as one of its provinces. The UN calls it a non-self-governing territory since 1963. Albania recognised the SADR in December 1987 before its new post-communist leaders decided to break off relations with it in 2004 and to officially move closer to Morocco in October 2015.

(sources: Guide euroméditerranéen 2022 des financements et de la coopération)
A country of 28,748 km² located in the Western Balkans, Albania has a population of 3.08 million.

With a GDP of $15.14bn in 2020, it has a negative growth of 3.3%, an inflation of 1.6% at the end of 2020 and a gross public debt estimated at 75.96% of its GDP over the same period.

Presided over by Ilir Meta and governed by Prime Minister Edi Rama, Albania is a parliamentary republic that has known political pluralism since 1991 and the post-communist era.

It has been a member of NATO since 2009 and has had candidate status for EU membership since 2014. On 25 March 2020, Albania received the green light from the Council of Europe to open accession negotiations.

At the end of July 2021 in Skopje, Edi Rama signed the "Open Balkans " free trade agreement which also includes Northern Macedonia and Serbia. It should be operational by 1 January 2023.

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