The report, being presented at the workshop organised by FEMISE, AMSE and the GDRI on 6th October in Aix-en-Provence, looks at the correlation between the internationalisation of small and middle-sized enterprises (SME) and access to financing. In it, the authors demonstrate that an SMEs chances of exporting is highly dependent on the arrangements they have with the banks and the bank services used.
Those businesses with access to bank services are 1.8 times more likely to export. For those that use a credit organisation, this ratio climbs to 5 to 1.
The study also takes into account other factors such as the business's maturity, its geographic location and its capital. "Only 1.8% of SMEs with a capital of less than EGP250,000 (US$30,000) export"; the greater the capital, the more export activity rises. Size also appears to be a crucial factor. The report points out that, in Egypt, "an SME employs fewer than 10 people on average, whereas most exporters employ more than 50".
The stakes are high, since efficient and accessible financial services would allow Egyptian companies to make inroads into international markets and provide an outlet for Egyptian goods and services.
Hala El-Said, Mahmoud Al-Said and Shahir Zaki are campaigning for more Egyptian SMEs to be included in the multinationals' supply chains to allow them to benefit from more efficient technologies and business models, thus enhancing their international competitiveness.